Policy, trade, economic, and technological aspects of improving nutrient intake and lifestyles in the European Union
This report firstly looks briefly at trends in the production, marketing and trade in foods.Secondly it looks at past and current EU policies in relation to improving diets and physicalactivity levels in the EU. Thirdly it makes a series of recommendations that the workingparty believes would help...
This Report provides an assessment of current data on the prevalence of obesity, its health consequences and its economic costs. Strategies for implementing a systematic approach to the prevention and management of obesity in different health service systems are described, and recommendations by...
Public health is the main discipline involved in the prevention of avoidable deaths. Toimplement interventions aimed at eliminating causes of death, and to take decisionsbased on evidence of effectiveness, research summaries are needed. Systematicreviews are not common in Public Health....
An important characteristic of meta-analysis is that the results are determined bothby tha management of the mata-analysis process and by the features of studiesincluded. Researchers began to develop quality scales for experimental studies,however now the interest of researchers is also focusing on...
The Effectiveness of Urban Design and Land Use and Transport Policies and Practices to Increase Physical Activity: A Systematic
Although a number of environmental and policy interventions to promote physicalactivity are being widely used, there is sparse systematic information on the mosteffective approaches to guide population-wide interventions. Because communityandstreet-scale urban design and land-use policies and...
This paper draws on research in which 200 children were fitted with motion sensorsand asked to keep travel and activity diaries. The findings show that walking andplaying away from home can contribute significantly to children’s volume of physicalactivity, with consequent implications for...
Active commuting to school by walking or bicycle is widely promoted to increasechildren’s physical activity. However, there is little data to describe the impact thattravel mode, and in particular cycling, may have on activity levels. In primary schoolagedchildren, walking to school is...
The problem of obesity and overweight is multifaceted and involves complex questions that have no simple solutions. Attention needs to be focused on a variety of fronts, from the standpoint of treatment for those thousands of Americans who suffer from this condition and are at increased risk...
Smoking and public health: a review of reviews of interventions to increase smoking cessation, reduce smoking initiation and pre
This evidence briefing collates review-level evidence of interventions to increase smoking cessation, reduce smoking initiation and prevent further uptake of smoking. It also examines interventions targeted at pregnant women and evidence for tackling health inequalities in smoking. The briefing...
The purpose of this article was to review population-based interventions for preventing childhood obesity carried out in school settings published between 1999 and 2004. A total of 11 such interventions were found from USA and UK. The grade of the interventions was from kindergarten, primary grades...
Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: a synthesis of evidence with ‘best practice’ recommenda
An international panel of experts in areas of relevance to obesity provided guidance for the study. This synthesis research encompassed a comprehensive search of medical/academic and grey literature and the Internet covering the years 1982 2003. The appraisal approach developed to identify best...
This briefing presents an update of the evidence from selected systematic reviews, meta-analyses and other reviews about the effectiveness of public health interventions to prevent and reduce alcohol misuse.
Obesity. Guidance on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children
The first national guidance on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children in England and Wales
Interventions in schools to prevent and reduce alcohol use among children and young people: Guidance
This document constitutes the Institute’s formal guidance on interventions in schools to prevent and reduce alcohol use among children and young people. It also looks at how to link these interventions with community initiatives, including those run by children’s services.
Evidence-Based Interventions That Work
This chapter reviews evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related problems, considered within a health promotion framework (Howat et al., 2004)
Effective and cost-effective measures to reduce alcohol misuse in Scotland: an update to the literature review
The aim of this study is to update the review of evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol misuse, published in 2002, and to identify any new findings in this literature.
Questo briefing presenta le prove attualmente disponibili, tratte da review sistematiche e da meta analisi di buona qualità, pubblicate a partire dal 1996.
Il documento allegato presenta una descrizione delle modalità di presentazione delle pre-candidature al secondo bando del Programma transnazionale MED 2007-2013 per progetti semplici, che sarà lanciato il 16 febbraio 2009 con chiusura il 13 marzo 2009.Obiettivo del documento è...
L’ultima edizione di Panorama: "Politica regionale e allargamento" riguarda lo sviluppo di relazioni strette con i paesi che aspirano ad aderire all’Unione europea.Lo strumento di Assistenza preadesione (IPA) è un nuovo meccanismo inteso ad assistere i paesi candidati e...